What better day than the end of the week for a rousing discussion of everything that can go wrong in your butt? Today I’d like to take a quick look at some of the diseases you may face down there in your lifetime, and how to spot the telltale signs before any lasting damage is done.
Anal Cancer and Colorectal Cancer
Bleeding in the anus can be a sign of something as mild as hemorrhoids, or as serious as cancer. Especially when accompanied by a lump or pus, that bleeding may be an indication that something more dangerous is afoot. And if you never quite feel as though the bowel is empty, that is one further indication of a concerning issue. Anal cancer and colorectal cancer can be treated surgically, but as with all cancers, the sooner the better.
Moving up in gravity from cancer, we find Crohn’s Disease, a chronic condition that can affect the entire GI tract, and is incurable but treatable. Symptoms of Crohn’s Disease may include abdominal and anal pain, anal fissure, weight loss, and skin lesions and tags. Although it cannot be cured yet, Crohn’s Disease can be safely managed with medications, dietary changes, and surgery where fistulization has become too severe to resolve any other way.
When small bulges appear in the large intestine, the diagnosis is Diverticular Disease, named for those bulges. As with Crohn’s Disease, there is no simple cure, but the disease can be managed with improved diet and medication, as well as surgery when complications become serious.
And back up to the top now, we find anal dysplasia, which is a precursor to cancer and thus taken very seriously when it appears. Symptoms of this abnormal cell growth may include pressure, mucus discharge, and swollen glands. Your proctologist will usually recommend removal of the abnormal cells via a high resolution anoscopy.
To learn more about diseases of proctology, call the professionals at the Proctology Institute today.